The benefits of exercise for overall health include disease prevention and maintaining the health of various body systems.
In this post, we will talk about how exercise works in preventing diseases, delaying the process of aging, and maintaining the health of various body organs, including the cardiovascular system, respiratory system, digestive system, skeletal system, and immune system. So if you are looking for some workout motivation, read on!
1) Strengthening the skeletal system and preventing osteoporosis
It has been shown that strengthening the body’s skeletal system and its condensation is directly related to the level of physical activity and mechanical stress.
For example, bone density is drastically reduced in astronauts who spend a lot of time in weightless space, and in patients with chronic illnesses that have long been hospitalized, making their bones highly susceptible to fractures.
This is what is called “osteoporosis” and it is common in elderly people. Osteoporosis results in moderate to severe, chronic skeletal pain and affects the person’s normal life.
Delaying the aging process is one of the benefits of exercise for overall health
2) Delaying the aging process
With age, basic energy consumption decreases. For every 10 years of age in adulthood, basal energy consumption is reduced by about 2 to 3 percent, which is said to be due to the loss of muscle mass and increased fat tissue.
These changes in body composition can be reduced by exercise. Exercise helps maintain muscle mass and boost base energy. It also prevents constipation and cardiovascular disease, thereby delaying the aging phenomenon.
3) Direct consumption of fatty acids
We know that most tissues of the body use glucose (glucose) as their main fuel.
One of the tasks of the digestive system and the liver is to digest and absorb the food and eventually send part of it as glucose for consumption of tissues and cells of the body.
Insulin hormone is essential for glucose entering the cell and consuming it. Insulin is a hormone that prevents high blood sugar. This hormone prevents the body from losing the fat and releasing fatty acids from the adipose tissue. Even when consuming a lot of food, it helps to save energy as fat.
But the active muscles are an exception, and they can provide energy, in addition to glucose, from fatty acids without the need for insulin. This will reduce the level of insulin in the bloodstream, which results in the melting of the mass of fat and the release of fatty acids, which in turn will be consumed by the muscles.
4) Positive effects in diabetics and reducing insulin resistance
In type II diabetic patients, insulin is present but is not capable of acting, which is referred to as “insulin resistance”.
It has been shown that adipose tissue does not have a significant receptor for insulin, and it is highly resistant to insulin effects, resulting in elevated blood sugar and its complications.
Exercise reduces insulin resistance by lowering adipose tissue and increasing metabolism, improving insulin receptor function and reducing blood glucose levels.
Even in patients with type 1 diabetics who do not have enough insulin in their body, exercising reduces the level of glucose or glucose by increasing metabolic rate and energy consumption, thus obviating the need for injection of insulin or observing strict diets.
5) Reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke
Exercise reduces free fatty acids and increases good cholesterol or HDL. In this way, the phenomenon of atherosclerosis or narrowing of the coronary arteries, including the cardiovascular system, is delayed and never reaches the critical level and obstruction (in which case we will see strokes of the brain or heart).
It also reduces the amount of triglycerides and bad cholesterol or LDL in the blood, all of which contribute to atherosclerosis or narrowing of the arteries.
6) Increasing the effective circulation of the body and prevent thrombosis (blood clotting) in the deep vein of the leg
Physical activity increases the effective blood circulation and prevents blood clotting in the deep vein. It increases blood flow forth and back to the entire arteries. This reduces the risk of thrombosis or blood clotting in the deep vein of the leg, which itself can be the source of free clots of the blood (embolism) and stuck in other veins of the body, including the cerebral and cardiac arteries.
7) Strengthening the cardiovascular system, respiratory system and immune system
By increasing physical activity, the need of the tissues and cells to oxygen and nutrients increases as well. To supply this need, as well as to recycle more waste generated by the cells, blood flow and heart activity and lung ventilation increase. The heart muscle also pumps blood with more strength and speed, and the respiratory activity increases with increasing respiration depth and rate.
If you have a regular exercise program in your life, your heart muscle and your breathing apparatus will gradually become stronger as a result of your workout, ensuring your health.
Also, with physical activity, the number of red blood cells and white blood cells, and in general, the blood volume and blood elements involved in the immune system increases, helping to boost the immune system.
8) Positive effects on digestive system
The most recognized effects of exercise on the digestive system of the body include increased intestinal movements and the prevention of chronic constipation. That is why doctors encourage patients to walk as soon as they can after to allow gastrointestinal movements to return faster and prevent constipation, allowing oral food consumption.
Undesirable side effects of constipation include obesity and intestinal diseases such as diverticulosis, hemorrhoids, and even large intestinal cancers, which can be easily prevented by exercise.