In the following article, we will give a full explanation of the causes of receding gums and a variety of remedies to reverse receding gums.
The gum can recede from the tooth, exposing the pink texture that covers the root of the tooth. If the tooth is in an inappropriate position, the gum around the tooth can recede. When the root of the tooth is exposed and the tooth is prone to decay, infection, and fall, receding gum can become a serious problem. If people start treatment in the early stages of gum recession, they can control and reverse receding gums.
What causes receding gums?
The gum is made of pink tissue that covers the ends of the teeth. Each set of teeth contains one layer of gum. The gum tissue is massive and has a dense surface called the mucous membrane and is a source of blood vessels, giving it the pink or bright red color.
The gum is attached to the jawbone and covers each tooth. Normally, the gum covers and protects the root of the teeth. Receding gums occurs when a person has a loss of tissue in the gum. Receding gums cause the tooth root to be exposed to bacteria, plaque and cavities.
Certain types of treatment to reverse receding gums may be needed if the receding gums condition is severe and causes symptoms such as tooth sensitivity, pain and infection. This includes deep cleansing of teeth, taking anti-infectious medicines, natural remedies, and tissue transplantation. Receding gums is a common disorder, but many people do not notice their gums are receding until the condition has become advanced.
Various factors cause receding gums. Including:
Periodontal disease or gum disease refers to inflammation and infection of the gums and other parts of the mouth. This inflammation is due to the accumulation of bacteria and plaque.
Factors that cause periodontal disease include:
- Poor oral hygiene
- Crooked teeth
- Incomplete and damaged filling
- A bridge or false tooth that does not fit the size of the tooth
- Genetic background
- Hormonal changes due to pregnancy or taking birth control pills
- Medicines that cause dry mouth
- Specific immune disorders
- Smoking or Tobacco Products
Periodontal disease has two stages:
Gingivitis causes red gums, swelling and sometimes bleeding. Untreated gingivitis causes periodontitis.
Periodontitis is the last stage of periodontal disease and can cause receding gums. When the gum and connective tissue retracts from the tooth, an envelope forms between the tooth and the gum and begins to accumulate bacteria. Over time, these bacteria cause inflammation. If the gum is too damaged, it can lead to bone loss and eventually tooth decay and tooth fall.
Improper brushing and pressure
Regular brushing is essential to maintaining oral health. But brushing with the wrong techniques can cause gum to break down. The gingival margin is a part of the gum that comes in contact with the crown of the tooth. Improper or severe brushing can damage the gingival margin, causing gum inflammation and gum loss.
Factors associated with improper tooth brushing that cause receding gums include:
- High pressure
- Use a stiff toothbrush
- Brushing teeth with horizontal movements
- Brushing and grinding teeth together
Many people press their upper and lower teeth together while sleeping. Teeth clenching causes a lot of pressure on the gums and causes the gums to break down over time. This also causes the teeth to loosen. It also causes bacteria to accumulate between the teeth and the gums. These bacteria cause gum inflammation, which can make the gum condition worse.
Applying direct pressure to the gum tissue can cause the gum to break down. These injuries occur in the following cases:
- During a crash
- During dental procedures
- When using false teeth for one or more teeth
- When exercising
Risk factors in receding gums
Age is one of the risk factors for gum loss. About 88% of people over the age of 85 have gum problems around at least one of their teeth. People who smoke and use tobacco products also notice an increase in the loss of their gums. Genetics is another risk factor because people with thin, weak gums can transmit this property through genes. Diabetes can also increase the risk of receding gums.
Symptoms of receding gums
Is there a way for you to diagnose a receding gum before the condition is accurately diagnosed by a dentist? Yes. You may experience sudden symptoms, such as sensitivity to cold and sugary drinks. You may see inflammation and redness of the gums. In addition, the gums may bleed easily when brushing and flossing.
If you do not correct your habits or treat the problem to reverse receding gums at an early stage, you will see your gums begin to really break down. But accurate diagnosis of a receding gum is done by the dentist using a precision measuring tool. Specialists measure the length of a tooth in millimeters and measure the ratio of connective and non-connective tissue. A skilled dentist will notice that the gums are receding. Older people are more prone to gum problems and should be monitored more. Don’t forget to see a dentist as you get older.
Diagnosis of receding gums
The dentist can detect receding gum with more precision. But if you look closely at all of your teeth, you may notice that the gums are retracted from one or more teeth. You may notice gum changes day by day. If you see a dentist twice a year, he or she will tell you whether your gum has receded over time.
Is it possible to reverse receding gums?
Yes. Depending on the severity and extent of receding gums, various treatments from natural remedies to gum tissue transplant surgery can be used to repair gum and bone damage.
Frequently Asked Questions about Receding Gums
Should we always treat receding gums?
Not always. Sometimes receding gums does not require treatment unless it worsens and causes gum ulcers and bleeding. The dentist examines the evidence available to measure the extent of gum loss. Teeth are re-evaluated annually. If the condition worsens, reconstructive and gingival procedures should be used.
Natural Remedies can help reverse receding gums by reducing plaques and bacteria.
Treatments to reverse receding gums
In most cases, receding gum does not require any special treatment. The dentist offers tips for preventing and controlling receding gums. Gentle and effective tooth brushing training can prevent gums from receding.
Scaling and root planing
Root planing and scaling are some of the early treatments that are used to reverse receding gums. These methods remove the plaque and tartar from under the gum line, because even brushing cannot remove these plaques. Root planing removes plaque and tartar from the root of the teeth. After the root planing, the dentist will smoothen the root part of the tooth so that the gum can cling to the tooth again.
There are options for people who want to treat symptoms receding gums:
Use of anti-allergy, polishing and bonding agents
These materials are used to reduce the sensitivity of the exposed tooth root. Anti-allergenic substances cure nerve symptoms and help maintain oral hygiene by brushing sensitive teeth.
The dentist uses resin composites that are tooth-colored to cover the roots. In addition, the composite can also cover the gap between the teeth.
Porcelain and pink composite
These materials are gum-like and can be used to fill gaps where the gums have receded.
Removable gum veneer
These veneers are usually acrylic or silicone and replace the surface where the gum tissue has receded.
Orthodontics includes treatments that slowly change the position of the teeth over time. This treatment can correct the gums and make it easier to clean your teeth.
With surgery, they remove tissue from the mouth and attach it to the gum. This tissue heals over time. Surgery is used for cases where the gingival resection is severe.
How is gingival graft done?
Transplanting gums takes about 60 to 90 minutes. The site of the graft is numbed with local anesthesia. The root of the tooth is cleaned and small incisions are made in the gum to accept gum tissue transplant. A piece of tissue is removed from the roof of the mouth and placed in a gingival resection. Finally, small stitches are used to cover the graft and hold it in place to allow the graft to heal.
Does the gingival graft hurt?
The dentist uses local anesthesia where the transplant is to be performed. Your dentist will advise you on how to avoid pain during the recovery process.
How long does recovery take?
Initial recovery takes about 10-14 days. But complete gum recovery takes about six months.
If the individual does not want the connective tissue removed from the roof of the mouth, what other suggestions are there?
The gum tissue itself is the best type of tissue for transplantation. Occasionally, the patient’s own oral cavity tissue is used for transplantation, which can be a bit difficult to heal later. Recently, two sources of tissue transplantation have been used. The connective tissue can be either human or porcine skin.
What is the cost of tissue transplantation?
Mostly, the gingival graft process is covered by insurance up to 80%. You can talk to the insurer about the coverage before determining the exact amount of gingival graft insurance coverage and cost.
Some of the most common of natural remedies to reverse receding gums include:
- Massaging the area with coconut oil, sesame oil, or Aloe Vera
- Drinking green tea
It is important to note that natural remedies to reverse receding gums cannot produce new gum tissue. However, these treatments improve a person’s oral health, thus preventing the accumulation of bacteria or infection in the gums and teeth, which will eventually control and reverse receding gums.
A study conducted in 2009 found that massaging teeth and gums with sesame oil can help reduce plaque and gingivitis. Another study in 2009 also focused on the benefits of green tea to counteract the bacteria that cause gum inflammation. A study in 2011 found that applying aloe vera gel on the gums reduces the risk of bacteria and inflammation. Other studies suggest that oil pulling with coconut oil can help reduce plaque and gum disease.
Use night guards
If you clench your teeth while sleeping, your dentist may suggest using a night guard. This simple method helps to treat some symptoms of receding gums and sometimes helps to fix the problem completely. Sometimes the main cause of teeth clenching in sleep is sleep apnea.
Avoid foods and beverages that contain acid
Enamel is acid resistant but dentin and pulp are not. Acid accelerates the receding of the gums. If the root of the tooth is exposed to beverages containing alcohol, soda, lemonade, orange juice and other acid-containing substances, it will be damaged shortly. Avoid these foods and drinks, and eat healthy foods and drinks instead. If you are going to consume acid-containing foods and drinks, try to consume as little as possible. Rinse your teeth after consuming them.
Avoid foods that damage the gums
Foods that are sharp can damage the gums. In addition, foods high in acid and sugar can also damage the gum tissue.
Some foods you should not use to prevent receding gums include:
- Dry bread
- Soft drinks
- Energy drinks