The best way to prevent cold and flu naturally is to have a healthy lifestyle.
The cold is a viral infectious disease that usually infects the respiratory tract and causes inflammation and increased nasal secretion. One of the most important reasons for the increased spread of the cold in cold seasons is the lack of ventilation in closed spaces where crowds of people are gathered. The inability to open any windows or doors in the cold seasons and lack of air ventilation in closed environments with large crowds cause viruses and diseases to spread rapidly from one person to another, resulting in common cold and flu epidemics.
When the virus is transmitted to another person, factors such as stress, fatigue, and weakness of the immune system prepare necessary conditions for the survival of viruses and the appearance of cold symptoms. But how can we prevent cold and flu viruses on days when many people in our surrounding environment are infected with the common cold and the flu?
Practicing Good Personal Hygiene to prevent cold and flu effectively
Colds are a series of symptoms that appear when the body becomes infected with certain viruses of 200 different types. The fact is that cold weather is not the main cause of colds, though these viruses are more active and move more rapidly in cold weather.
In cold seasons, if you are in contact with many people, wash your hands frequently. Viruses can be transmitted from a tissue in contact with your skin or a handshake with an infected person. When washing hands, it does not matter whether the water is hot or cold. What is important is to physically remove the germs from your hands with soaps or any other detergent. Even sanitizer gels can also be effective in eliminating these germs.
How to prevent cold and flu in closed, crowded spaces
Avoid any physical contact with people who demonstrate signs and symptoms of common cold and flu such as coughing, sneezing, or a runny nose. Keeping a comfortable distance from people in crowded environments during the cold season is the easiest way to prevent cold and flu.
If possible, open a window or a door in closed spaces, such as work environments, to allow fresh air flow through the space and reduce the risk of virus transmission.
Have a healthy lifestyle
The best way to prevent cold and the flu naturally is to have a healthy lifestyle, adequate rest, proper nourishment, and regular exercise. A healthy lifestyle also includes practicing good hygiene and avoiding smoking.
Drinking about 8 glasses of water or other fluids such as natural juices on a daily bases, eliminates toxic substances, viruses, and bacteria. It reduces body temperature and ultimately prevents colds. If you do have a cold, increased intake of fluids helps you improve. Keep your body hydrated as much as possible to help prevent viral activation in the body. Having warm drinks also prevents viral replication, softens the mucous, and drains viral cells. One of the best home remedies for cold prevention and treatment is drinking beverages that include fresh ginger, natural honey and lemon juice. Caffeinated beverages, such as tea, coffee and instant coffee, reduce the amount of water in your body.
Enhancing the immune system with getting enough sleep
In order to prevent cold and flu naturally, you should boost your immune system. Weather changes in cold seasons alter the normal course of our lives. For example, seasonal changes may change the usual pattern of sleeping and waking hours. Sleep deprivation in the cold season is a common problem that causes the immune system to be vulnerable against viruses. For this reason, it is recommended to avoid laptops, and TVs and mobile phones a couple of hours before bedtime. Take your dinner several hours before bed and take less sugary food after dinner so you can have a deeper sleep. Getting enough comfortable sleep gives your immune system the necessary time to revive itself.
Some experts believe that another important factor affecting the immune system is vitamin D. This vitamin, which is mainly absorbed by sunlight, can help boost the immune system. In fall and winter, when the days are shortened, we are less exposed to sunlight. Having a healthy sleeping schedule can give you the opportunity to wake up early and make more use of daylight to absorb vitamin D.
Take allergies seriously to prevent cold and the flu
Controlling allergies and taking preventive measures against allergic relapses help prevent the body from being vulnerable to cold and flu viruses. Allergies that cause coughing, sneezing, runny nose and respiratory problems lead to inflammation in the respiratory tract and increase the likelihood of being infected by various viruses. So, if you are allergic to certain substances or have seasonal allergies in the fall, consult your physician and take precautionary measures. Apart from chronic allergies, consumption of fried, greasy or spicy foods can also trigger inflammations in the mucous membranes of the nose, mouth or throat, and may increase the likelihood of catching a cold or exacerbate the cold and the flu.
While it is advisable to avoid consumption of spicy foods when you have a cold or seasonal allergy, hot pepper can improve blood flow and delivery of nutrition to the whole body. Hot pepper also detoxifies and increases nasal discharge which helps treat common cold and the flu. However, if the cold symptoms is include coughs and sore throats, it is better to avoid chili or sour foods.