Here is what we know about the new coronavirus transmission and how to prevent it.
The coronavirus is one of the most mysterious and frightening medical issues in the world these days, with the quarantine of 43 million people in China and rapidly expanding, increasing the number of victims and the number of quarantined cities every day. This virus has caused great fear and concern even in other countries of the world, as there is a fear that events like the Coronavirus epidemic that happened in year 2003 will occur again.
It is recommended to know coronavirus transmission ways and symptoms, and to see a physician promptly if any suspected symptoms occur.
What is Coronavirus?
The new coronavirus, called nCoV ۲۰۱۹, has about 70% of the genetic affinity to SARS and is classified as Sarbecovirus. The new coronavirus transmission is from animal to human. According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the coronaviruses form a large family of viruses that cause disease in humans and other animals, including camels, cats and bats. In some cases, animal coronavirus can spread and cause human disease and outbreaks of SARS and MERS viruses (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome), and now the tragedy of SARS and MERS seems to be on the rise once more with new coronavirus 2019. People with concomitant illnesses and children with heart disease are at greater risk of developing coronavirus.
Coronavirus transmission is through cough and sneezing
Where did the corona virus come from?
The coronavirus was reported in Wuhan, Hubei province, China, on December 2019, and for the first time on January 8, the New York Times announced that the new coronavirus was identified in China and appears to have affected 59 people in Wuhan, China. Wuhan has a population of 11 million, and at first it seemed that some patients had a history of working in the wholesale market for fish and seafood, but after a few days other sources such as snakes and wolves also emerged. The seafood market in Wuhan was immediately shut down, and environmental sanitation and disinfection measures were fully implemented. A few days after rejecting seasonal flu, avian influenza, adenovirus, SARS, MERS and other pathogens, the first death from the new coronavirus was registered in China on January eleventh 2020.
Fever, cough, shortness of breath and acute respiratory problems are the main Coronavirus symptoms. The patient may also have a few days of cough for no reason. Acute gastrointestinal problems such as diarrhea, acute respiratory failure, blood coagulation disorders and kidney failure that may require hemodialysis have also been reported.
Information on Coronavirus transmission is not yet complete, but methods of Coronavirus transmission from human to human resembles that of the flu through cough and sneezing.
How can the Coronavirus be prevented?
There is currently no vaccine and appropriate treatment for nCoV and therefore having high clinical suspicion and questioning of travel and contact history of febrile patients and patients with respiratory symptoms plays an important role in the prevention and control of the disease. No drug has been approved for the disease caused by the new coronavirus. The main treatment is supportive care for the patient, with the patient receiving enough oxygen, as well as ventilation to send air to the lungs if necessary. Patients should consume plenty of fluids while their immune system is active.
Simple health tips can reduce the risk of new coronavirus transmission. Simply wash your hands with soap, cover your mouth and nose when sneezing or coughing, cook meat and eggs thoroughly, avoid contact with people with flu-like symptoms. And avoid unprotected contact with animals.