This post offers comprehensive information about tooth implants and dental implant procedure.
If you have missing teeth, dental implants can be an attractive option for maintaining oral health and improving the appearance of your mouth. During one or two surgeries, the prosthetic tooth is implanted in the jawbone or gum, making it a safer and more natural alternative to prosthetic teeth or other rather uncomfortable alternatives.
In this article, we will review all you need to know about dental implant procedure. If you decide to have dental implants, it is important that you prepare properly for surgery and know what to expect during the operation. You need to know what to do beforehand and make sure everything is ready for surgery. It is also important that you know about your dental implant procedure and how to maintain implants after surgery.
It is very important to know all about your dental implant procedure.
What is a dental implant?
Simply put, dental implants are root replacement teeth. Implants provide a strong base for a permanent (fixed) or removable tooth. Although oral care has improved among individuals, millions still suffer from tooth loss. Most dental problems are caused by tooth decay, periodontal disease or nerve damage. For many years, the only treatment options for people who lost their teeth were bridges and dental prostheses. But today, dental implants are gaining popularity and are available in most places.
The dental implant consists of three separate parts. The anchor piece (sometimes referred to as base for implantation) is a fundamental piece designed to attach to the jaw and create a strong, lifelong bond. It is usually made of metallic titanium, which is biocompatible and is excellent in forming strong cell bonds to bone tissue to provide seamless bone and anchor fusion. The second is called abutment, which is the part that attaches the crown to the implant. It is usually made of materials similar to dental implants. Third is the crown itself which can be made up of various materials – including porcelain, gold, steel, and other alloys – all designed to last a lifetime and withstand cavities.
Who can get a dental implant?
Dental implants are designed to replace teeth that have been completely destroyed or deliberately removed. Regardless of the way the tooth has been missed, dental implant placement is usually the solution where root canals, fillings and other options are simply not available because the tooth is unable to repair itself, or the tooth is severely damaged and can’t be repaired. In addition, patients with bone or jaw damage may be the best candidates for implantation. Even people with genetically defective teeth can experience a beautiful alternative with dental implants.
In most cases, anyone with relative or normal oral health can implant. Patients who have a healthy gum and enough bone to hold the implant can be a good candidate. They also need to make sure that they take care of their oral health. The important point is that people who have been smoking for many years, people who suffer from uncontrolled chronic disorders such as diabetes or heart disease – or patients who require radiation therapy to the head / neck area, should be individually evaluated. . If you need an implant, talk to your dentist to see if they are right for you.
Dental implant procedure
The process of tooth implantation is divided into two parts. The first is the creation and placement of an appropriate anchor that allows the dental implant to be attached to the jaw through a secure titanium. This process requires a small hole in the jawbone to allow the anchor to form a firm root. Over time, bone tissue binds to the metal and forms a coherent and durable bond. With the anchor being firm, some partial posts can be attached to keep the dental implant completely firm without the risk of future damage or displacement. Before this process, you need to know if bone grafting is necessary or not, which may increase recovery time.
What can be expected after a dental implant operation?
After a tooth implant, most patients require a bone graft that does not take more than two months. You will find that they are almost similar to your main teeth, and in some cases better. You can eat almost anything with your new tooth implant, although you may limit yourself to soft foods just after the procedure. Some common symptoms in the area include:
- Inflation and bruising on the face and gum areas
- Minor pain at planting and root
- Partial bleeding
What are the Benefits of a Dental Implant?
There are many benefits to dental implants including:
- Dental implants are easily welded to the facial bone and can be worn for many years, even for life.
- Because the implant is fixed in the mouth, you will pronounce the words better and the teeth will not move in your mouth when speaking.
- Living with them is much easier than dentures. Dental implants can be easily cleaned and they have better performance.
- You can eat more easily with the implant. False teeth make it hard to chew. Dental implants function just like your natural teeth, allowing you to eat your favorite foods confidently and painlessly.
- Improves self-esteem. Dental implants can restore your beautiful smile and boost your confidence.
- With dental implants, you can better manage your oral health. There is no need to put too much pressure on adjacent teeth, but in the bridge method, you need side teeth to fill the gap. Since no adjacent teeth are needed to support the implant, no abrasions or changes are made to them and will improve long-term health.
- The lifetime of the implants is much longer and can be used for many years. With good care, many implants will last for a person’s entire course of life.
What you need to do before a dental implant
1. Talk to your health care professional
If you want to go through the dental implant procedure, a comprehensive dental examination should first be performed. This can include X-rays from the mouth and molding of your teeth and mouth. After evaluating your teeth, your dentist will help you determine which dental implants are a good choice for you, and will tell you what to do.
You should also consult your doctor and discuss any medical conditions that may complicate oral surgery. Ask questions like “Am I healthy enough for implants?” And “How long will it take?” Regular dental examinations are an important part of maintaining oral health. See your dentist every six months.
2. Consider how many implants you need
Talk to your dentist about the number of dental implants you want. This will determine what type of implants you will receive, as well as the length and cost of the surgery.
If you need to replace multiple teeth, you may want to build a bridge – a prosthesis with multiple dentures attached – instead of a single tooth implant.
Ask your dentists “Is my jaw healthy enough for the implant?” And “Are bridges or single implants the best?”
3. Talk to your insurance provider about the dental implant procedure
Since implants are more expensive than traditional bridge work, you should consider the cost and talk to your insurance provider. Dental implants are usually not covered in NHS because they are a cosmetic procedure. Make sure you have the funds for a dental implant.
When you talk to your insurer, ask questions like “Are dental implants covered in my dental plan?” “Are dental implants covered by NHS?” and “Are there any special plans for dental implant procedure and how much will I have to pay?”
4. Determine what type of implant is best for you
Depending on the health of your jawbone, there are various types of dental implants that you should consider. These implants can be surgically placed in the jaw and under the gum or above the gum.
Endosteal implants are the most common and require surgical screws in the jaws of the cylinder or blade. In this type of dental implant procedure, the gums are opened, the implant is placed into the jaw, and then the gums are sutured around it. The implant can be used to hold one or more dentures.
Subperiosteal implants are placed at the top of the jaw by implant fibers extending from and along the gums. This implant is less common and is most commonly used for people who do not have bone strength or their jaw height is not suitable for endosteal implants.
5. Get a treatment plan
Before you begin surgery, work with your healthcare professional to create a treatment plan. This program includes things like your medical history, oral and maxillary health, the type of implants you receive, and the timing of suggested procedures. You will probably work with several specialists during your work implant, including your personal doctor and dentist, a periodontist and an oral surgeon.
Measures for the Dental Implant Surgery Day
1. Talk to your oral surgeon
Before going to surgery, talk to your oral surgeon about what to expect about the dental implant procedure and how to prepare for surgery. Depending on the number of teeth to be replaced, your own type of anesthesia will be used; you may need to reset your schedule and make some changes yourself. You may need to make arrangements for post-surgery.
Ask your oral surgeon questions like “What kind of anesthesia do you prescribe for my dental implant procedure?” And “How long does the dental implant procedure take to end?”
Since dental implant procedure can take several surgeries over several months, it is important to plan your appointments, so plan accordingly.
2. Dental Implant Imaging: OPG and CBCT for Dental Implants
Choosing the right imaging technique has been a challenging task since the advent of advanced imaging techniques, and many are used for implant imaging. In imaging, this method should not only take into account anatomy but also provide dimensional accuracy. Many dentists use the conventional method, usually the orthopentogram (OPG), in the usual way of implant placement. However, due to problems with OPG, more advanced technologies such as computed tomography (CT) and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) are better accepted. These help improve image resolution and reduce waves. Because of the cost impact, these techniques are not widely used. Therefore, to decide on the type of imaging technique, all the advantages and disadvantages associated with it must be considered.
3. Take time off from work or school
You will most likely have to spend a lot of time on various surgeries. Depending on how many implants you are going to have, you will be given a special anesthesia, which can take several hours to several days. Talk to your dentist about the expected recovery time for your surgery and how long you should rest afterwards.
If you have general anesthesia, be prepared to rest for the day.
Depending on the difficulty level of your implant, you may be able to return to work or school after using local anesthesia.
Ask your dentist “How long should I take time off work for dental implant procedure?” or “Can I get back to work soon?
4. Determine whether you can eat or drink before surgery
If your dentist intends to use general anesthesia, they may recommend that you do not eat or drink before and after surgery. Having food in your stomach can cause side effects when using general anesthesia. Before surgery, make sure you follow the instructions of your specialist.
The dental implant procedure is not usually done with topical anesthesia. However, make sure you consult with your dentist.
Ask your dentist, “What foods should I avoid after surgery?” And “What foods do you recommend eating?”
5. Arrange for someone to bring you home
If general anesthesia is used during your surgery, you need someone available to take you home afterwards. You can ask a friend or family member to drive or take a taxi and go with it. Since general anesthesia affects your ability to drive, it is important that you have someone to bring you home.
What you need to know about dental implants procedure
1. You may need a bone graft
When the tooth decays completely, the bones under the gums can be damaged and softened, making implant attachment difficult. So the surgeon removes a piece of bone from another part of your jaw or body – possibly the hip – and attaches it to the bottom of your jaw. The surgeon may also use artificial or animal bone. After transplantation, it may take several months for the transplanted bone to be strong enough to hold the dental implant.
If you only need partial transplantation, bone graft may sometimes be done during implant surgery.
Depending on the strength of the bone in the jaw and the tooth that is to be replaced, you may need a sinus lift that will help both the jaw and mouth. We will examine sinus lift later.
2. Enduring oral surgery
During the initial surgery, the surgeon will cut the gums and open the bone. Then the surgeon makes a hole in the bone where the metal base will be. This base acts as the root of the implant and attaches it to your jaw. The wound is then closed with sutures and given the opportunity to heal. At this point, you have a gap in your mouth, but you can get a temporary denture to cover it.
3. Bone and implant transplants
Over the next two to six months, the bone and implant are put together in one sitting.
4. The implant crown will be attached
Depending on the type of dental implant you receive, you may need to undergo a second surgery after a bone graft. During the surgery, the surgeon re-opens the gums, exposes the implant, and attaches a support structure at the end of the graft that will attach to the crown. The surgeon then sutures the gum tissue around the support structure using sutures.
You may choose the support structure attached to the dental implant. This means you do not need a second surgery. However, you will have a backbone at the bottom of your gum for several months, which may seem less attractive.
Factors Influencing Dental Implant Success
- Gum Disease: Healthy gums are important for dental implant surgery, and you can’t do this with gum disease. Therefore, before the implant is done for you, the dentist will first treat your gum disease.
- Smoking: Smoking can also cause tooth implant failure as it reduces the healing process of the gums. However, this does not mean that a smoker cannot have a dental implant and it is enough to quit smoking for a successful implant a few weeks before doing so, but not after the implant.
- Jawbone: Healthy bone is essential for implant support. Without a healthy bone, the surgeon cannot insert the implant into the rectum. Severe gum disease can also cause bone loss in the mouth.
- Medical conditions: If you have an autoimmune condition or conditions like rheumatoid arthritis and diabetes, you will be at increased risk of implant failure because they can slow the healing process.
- Poor dental hygiene: After dental implants, oral hygiene must also be observed, as this can affect the success rate.
Symptoms of tooth implant failure
If you see the following symptoms after an implant, sooner or later, the dental implant procedure is likely to have failed:
1- difficulty chewing
2- Gum inflammation
3- Severe pain or discomfort
4- Increased inflation
5- implant failure or fall of the replacement crown
Post-sinus lift care, bone grafting and necessary measures
1. Remove the sutures
After each surgery, the surgeon closes your gums using a suture. Generally, they use sutures that are spontaneously dissolved in the gums. However, your dentist may choose to use sutures that are self-resolving and do not need to be removed. This will be a few weeks after each surgery.
2. Post-implant recovery
Whether you have a single or multiple implants, it is likely to cause pain. You may have swelling and bruising of the skin and gums. You will also feel pain at the implant site and will have bleeding.
If the pain or swelling persists or worsens for more than a few days, you should talk to your oral surgeon. It may be necessary to prescribe painkillers or antibiotics.
Because of the surgical sensitivity, you can probably only eat soft foods such as pudding and soups that do not need to be chewed.
3. Dental molding
Once the support structure is in place, the gums need one to two weeks to heal. After recovery, your dentist will cast a mold using a material to make a plaster mold from your mouth, then make a dental crown – an artificial tooth – that will attach to the mouth and end of the support structure to complete the dental implant procedure. The appearance of the crown will be similar to your other teeth and will not be much different from a normal one.
4. Crown placement
When your gums are fully healed and your jaw bone is strong enough to support a new tooth, your dentist will attach the crown. Talk to your dentist if you want removable crowns that can be easily cleaned, repaired or fixed, or permanently in place and very tight.
If you need to replace multiple teeth, you can choose a combination of removable and fixed crowns. Consult with your dentist to determine which option works best.
If you are replacing multiple teeth, dental bridge is a cheaper option.
Fixed crowns are more expensive than moving crowns.
5. New teeth maintenance.
After implanting your new teeth, it’s important to clean and care for them, just like your regular teeth. Wash them twice daily and clean daily using flossing and mouthwash. You should also see your dentist. Your dentist will most likely make regular recommendations to ensure the implant is healthy.
The ideal color for dental implants
The tissue around the dental implant is usually pink and keratinized when there is no sign of infection. Before you receive a dental implant, the soft tissues around the implant are always keratinized on the outside.
Without the keratinized tissue, your implant is exposed to pathogenic bacteria that can lead to implant infection and pre-implant disease. If you want your implant to stay healthy, you must always have a keratinized and cleaned tissue.
Proper home care for dental implants
Home care of dental implants should begin before inserting the titanium structure. You must have a clean oral environment even before the tooth implant is inserted. Because this clean environment allows faster recovery. There is always a risk of implants being exposed to the environment. Any exposure of the dental implant to the environment can lead to the formation of salivary and bacterial polycythemia.
Routine implant maintenance
To prevent implant destruction, routine dental care should be provided by your dentist or surgeon. Oral hygiene is essential to keep dental implants healthy.
Post-implant home care guide
The patient also needs a basic knowledge of the titanium implant level to understand why oral hygiene and dental care products can help. Dental surgeons these days generally use harder titanium surface implants than soft titanium alloys. The harder titanium is more prone to osseointegration, which means bone growth without fibrous tooth tissue. Grit blasting, plasma spray and implant carving increase implant contact to the bone, leading to osseointegration.
How to protect your dental implant?
Dental implants are very valuable. You can use the following home care recommendations to protect your implant:
Use low abrasion toothpaste or gel toothpaste.
Avoid dental care products that contain sodium fluoride, sweeteners and baking soda and do not use toothpastes intended for smokers.
Brush and floss regularly to remove plaques that surround the implant.
See your dentist regularly for scans and examinations.
You should always have healthy gums.
Use soft toothbrushes.
See your dentist every 6 months.
Do not smoke.
Ask your dentist about oral hygiene
Avoid habits that can damage your teeth, such as eating ice and candy
Is the dental implant procedure painful?
Most people who have dental implants say they have very little pain that has been tolerable. Topical anesthesia can be used during treatment, and most patients report that the dental implant procedure is less painful than tooth extraction. If you have severe pain after a dental implant, you can relieve pain with painkillers such as Tylenol.
How long do implants last?
As you need to see a dentist to take care of your natural tooth, you should work with a dentist to extend the life of your dental implant. Unlike the normal tooth, the implants have no cavities or abrasions. You can maintain your dental implant for the rest of your life with proper oral care and proper dental hygiene.