Is Back Pain in Pregnancy Normal?

Back Pain in Pregnancy

Back pain in pregnancy seems to be due to hormonal changes. Still, if pains are accompanied by certain symptoms, you need to see a doctor.

Back pain is one of the most common musculoskeletal disorders that most women experience for the first time during pregnancy. Pregnancy is one of the common causes of back pain in women. Back pain in pregnancy can decrease the quality of life of pregnant women.

If you have back pain in pregnancy, be sure to see your doctor as this may be a serious symptom. For example, these pains can be a sign of ectopic pregnancy.


What Causes Back Pain in Pregnancy?

Some pain during pregnancy seems to be due to hormonal changes. Many progesterone hormones are produced during pregnancy, which is essential for maintaining pregnancy. In addition, progesterone affects muscles, ligaments and joints, making them soft and supple. These hormonal effects appear to be to blame for back pain in pregnancy. Similar hormones can cause constipation in pregnancy, which can cause abdominal pain.

One of the causes of back pain in pregnancy is postural disorders. Due to increased ligaments loosening and lower abdominal muscle efficiency and pregnancy postures, more pressure is put on the muscles around the spine. This causes back pain in pregnancy. Muscle fatigue and prolonged workouts can exacerbate the problem while rest and proper body posture can work as the natural pregnancy back pain relief. Proper body posture during pregnancy has a significant role in preventing or gradually resolving problems.

Other causes of back pain in pregnacy are pelvic arthritis, which is one of the most common problems during pregnancy. On the one hand, due to hormonal changes and on the other hand, the adaptive conditions that a person develops during pregnancy, as well as body weight gain, especially during the final months of pregnancy and abnormal breast enlargement, pressure on the pelvic and lumbar joints increases. Symptoms of this type of back pain occur when sitting, standing, walking, standing on one leg, or turning around. These pressures may lead to lumbar disc protrusion, vertebral slippage, or degenerative changes in the joints, which eventually lead to diffuse pain in the legs due to narrowing of the intervertebral hole and pressure on the nerve roots.


Back pain in pregnancy is usually due to hormonal changes

Back Pain in Pregnancy

In some women, lower back pain is the primary sign of pregnancy. But if you experience back pain in pregnancy, especially lower back pain in early pregnancy, consider the following:


Growth Hormone: During pregnancy your body releases hormones that soften the joints and ligaments of the pelvis. This is very important for normal delivery and the baby’s passage through the delivery canal. But the hormone doesn’t just work in your pelvis, it moves throughout your body and affects all the joints. In the first trimester of pregnancy, this softness and flexibility will affect your back and cause back pain in pregnancy.

Stress: Stress can cause lower back pain early in pregnancy. Stress causes muscle pain and increases pressure on weak areas. If hormones affect the joints and ligaments, this can cause you some anxiety and may also cause lower back pain in pregnancy.

Urinary Tract Infection: Low back pain early in pregnancy can be a sign of urinary tract infection. This problem usually causes itching and discomfort in the urine. In any case, you should tell your doctor about your urine tests and treatment.

Pain alone is not a symptom of a miscarriage, but if you have bleeding along with pain, it can be a sign of miscarriage.


How to relieve back pain in pregnancy

There are ways to treat and relieve back pain in pregnancy. The following is a good way to control this pain:

  • Focus on keeping the right body posture. Stand straight, straighten the chest and hold the shoulders back.
  • Avoid prolonged standing. If you have to stand, lift one leg upwards.
  • If you need to lift something from the ground, instead of just bending the back, bend your knees.
  • Avoid lifting heavy objects.
  • Wear standard shoes. Healthy footwear should be used throughout pregnancy. Shoes with short heels and insole help maintain the arch in the foot. Choosing the right footwear reduces the pressure on your legs and spine during walking.
  • Have enough rest.

Back Pain in Pregnancy

  • Maternity pillows: Lie on your side and place a pillow under your belly. If you are not comfortable, try different pillows to find the right fit.
  • If your back pain is stress related, you should do yoga.
  • An ice bag can also be used to relieve back pain in pregnancy.
  • A hot bath, a hot pack, or a shower of hot water can reduce the discomfort.
  • Massage: Muscle massage that is best done sitting or sleeping on your side can help reduce back pain.
  • Exercise: Exercise is one of the options for treatment and prevention of back pain in pregnancy that seems to have no limitations or side effects. Pregnant women should have 15 to 30 minutes of low-intensity exercise daily. Low-intensity stretching exercises and exercises such as stationary biking and swimming are somewhat helpful.
  • Kegel exercise and body balance improve back pain in pregnancy.


If you still have back pain after following these instructions, you should consult your doctor.

Caution: Avoid taking painkillers without consulting your doctor.

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