The main novel coronavirus symptoms are fever, cough, shortness of breath and acute respiratory problems.
History of Coronavirus
The virus was first identified in the 1960s, but it is not yet clear where it first originated. Because these viruses are coronary, they have been called corona. Occasionally (not often), coronavirus can be common between humans and animals.
The way most coronary viruses are spread is similar to other cold-virus transmitted by infected people, such as by coughing or sneezing through the air, by touching, rubbing, touching the head and face of the affected person and touching objects such as door handles.
Almost every person has had a coronavirus infection at least once during their life (especially in their infancy). The symptoms range from mild to moderate, and in some cases may lead to lower respiratory tract diseases such as pneumonia and bronchitis. In many countries, coronavirus disease is common in the cold (fall and winter) seasons, but anyone can get it at any time.
These viruses are common among animals, but only a few affect humans. Rarely, the corona virus can evolve and transmit from animal to human. Two types of evolved coronaviruses were MERS and SARS, which were transmitted from animals to humans and their symptoms were more severe than human coronaviruses.
In early January, the World Health Organization identified a new variant of the virus: the novel coronavirus virus, or COVID-19 which started in China.
How dangerous is the novel coronavirus?
Although the new coronavirus has become a hot topic in the world these days, this type of corona is less lethal than its predecessors, such as SARS, MERS, and even the flu, but what has caused widespread concern is its faster and easier transmission.
Approximately 70% of people who have the disease recover after a maximum of one week and do not need to be hospitalized and. 10% of these people may need to be admitted to intensive care. Very few people in this ward die from respiratory and cardiac symptoms.
Most corona viruses cause similar symptoms in the upper respiratory tract, such as nasal congestion, runny nose, cough, sore throat and sometimes fever. Coronavirus can also cause middle ear infections in children. However, in most cases you cannot be sure whether your symptoms are from coronavirus or other cold viruses such as rhinovirus.
If a coronavirus infection reaches the lower respiratory tract, the trachea and lungs, it can lead to pneumonia. This risk is especially high in the elderly, those with heart disease or those with weakened immune systems.
Novel coronavirus symptoms are very similar to SARS. These symptoms include fever, cough and difficulty in breathing. But there are important differences between these two diseases.
The disease has symptoms similar to SARS, but some symptoms of upper respiratory tract such as runny nose, sneezing, sore throat, and gastrointestinal symptoms such as diarrheaare not present.
Clinical evaluations by physicians of patients with the novel coronavirus found that 90.9% had fever, 75% had coughs, 47% experienced pain and fatigue, and 14.8% had acute respiratory distress syndrome.
Dry coughs, fever, and respiratory problems are the common noVEL Coronavirus symptoms
What are the ways of Coronavirus transmission?
The virus is transmitted from one infected person to another in the following ways:
- Droplets (due to the spread of viral particles caused by coughing or sneezing);
- Close contact with the infected person or those who show coronavirus symptoms (touching the infected person’s head and face or shaking hands with them);
- Touching the surface or object on which the viral particles are present (these particles sit on the hands and enter the body by touching the mouth, nose, or eyes before washing your hands);
- Rarely, stool contamination.
Nevel Coronavirus treatment
The COVID-19 virus is a virus from the Corona virus family that was previously unknown to researchers and experts. More research and time is needed before experts can find a definitive treatment or vaccine for the novel Coronavirus known as COVID-19.
So there is no specific treatment for COVID-19, and most people recover with special care, especially rest and medication (to relieve symptoms). However, if you are worried or have severe symptoms, be sure to see your doctor (this is not just for the coronavirus and applies to all viral diseases).
If you think you have the novel coronavirus symptoms, do whatever you do for cold treatment:
- Get enough rest.
- Drink plenty of fluids.
- You can use over-the-counter medications for sore throat and fever. Don’t give aspirin to children or adolescents under the age of 5. Use ibuprofen or acetaminophen instead.
- Steaming with hot water can help relieve sore throat.
- If the condition is acute, be sure to see your doctor.
How to prevent of Coronavirus transmission
To prevent coronavirus infection, do the same things you do to prevent colds:
- Wash your hands completely several times a day for at least 20 seconds with warm soapy water or an alcoholic disinfectant (alcohol solution that contains about 60% alcohol);
- Do not touch your eyes, nose and mouth with your hands and fingers;
- Keep your distance from potentially infected people.
In the following situations, be sure to contact your doctor or healthcare provider:
1. If you have traveled to an area where the novel Coronavirus has been reported;
2. If you have been in close contact with someone who has returned from one of these areas with respiratory symptoms;
3. If you have been in contact with someone who has coronavirus symptoms or has had a positive novel coronavirus test result.
In general, fever, cough and difficulty breathing may be related to respiratory infections or other serious illnesses, so these symptoms are very important and you should tell your doctor and get health care. Respiratory symptoms and fever can have many different causes. Depending on your travel date and circumstances, one of the reasons could be the novel Coronavirus.
Fortunately, health care can save lives and help us get rid of viruses. One of the most important things to do is to learn how to properly wash your hands and maintain hygiene. As for the novel Coronavirus, we must wash our hands thoroughly to prevent any viruses. Hand washing can principally prevent the spread of viral infections.
Coronavirus transmission occurs with exposure to contaminated hands, nose and mouth through respiratory droplets (sneezing, coughing and talking face to face for a long time), so using a mask for the patient and frequent hand washing are important ways of coronavirus prevention. Rinse your hands frequently with soap and water, or disinfect them using hand disinfectants; especially after contact with a sick person, or with an animal or their surroundings, and avoid touching wild or domestic animals, whether alive or dead.
Avoid close contact with a person with respiratory illness, if you are in contact with a respiratory illness, use a mask.
Cook your food
Cook the food well. Do not put raw and cooked food together. After cleaning and cutting raw animal food like red meat and other products such as poultry, fish, shrimp, sheep and cattle, wash the dishes, boards and knives immediately with water and detergents.
When touching animals, poultry and animal products, use gloves and masks and if you have touched them without gloves, be sure to wash your hands with soap and water.
Avoid crowded places
Avoid crowded public places as much as possible.
Stay warm and comfortable
Cover the head after bathing and also in cold weather and avoid exposure to wind.
Keep calm and stay healthy
Traditional medicine experts believe the first step in preventing coronavirus is to keep calm, because stress and worry are the most important factor in weakening the immune system. When the immune system becomes weak, it cannot cope with the virus transmission.
Apart from keeping calm and avoiding stress to prevent coronavirus, the immune system also needs to be strengthened.
Thyme, licorice and jujube tea
Drinking thyme, licorice and jujube mixture tea is a great way to increase your immune system for coronavirus prevention.
How to prepare:
- One tablespoon of thyme leaves
- One teaspoon of ground licorice root
- Five jujube on which you have made holes
Put them all in a teapot, pour a glass of boiling water over then and let them simmer on a medium heat for 15 minutes. Enjoy the tea.
Important tips to boost the immune system from the perspective of traditional medicine:
- Avoid staying hungry or thirsty
- Avoid cold water
- Reduce meat intake and, if necessary, use fast-digesting meats such as lamb, goat and poultry instead of skewed meats such as beef and veal.
- Reduce fat intake
- Avoid fatty and thick pastries
- Avoid fried food
- Avoid heavy-duty sports and long-term steam baths or saunas
- Avoiding anger and sadness
- Avoid unnecessary fear of getting sick